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Colonialism and the Cultural Exchange of Sports

Group of southern Utes playing Monte, circa 1900, by Frederic Remington

Courtesy of Frederic Remington Art Museum (Public Library Collection)

European colonists in the east eagerly adopted lacrosse, archery, shinney, canoeing, and several other Native games, while Indians welcomed card and table games.  Throughout the southwest and the west coast, the spread and adoption of games and sports increased with the arrival of the Spanish.  In California, one of the European card games embraced was called Monte.  Card games became easily integrated into tribal culture due to their tradition of gaming.

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