Further Encroachment

Further Encroachment

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Modern rendering of Romero's expeditions, 1823-1826

Courtesy of Palm Springs Art Museum

Early 1800s

Cahuilla Indians begin traveling to Missions to work as seasonal laborers.


Mexico gains independence from Spain after twelve years of fighting.


Captain Jose Romero establishes an overland route from California to Mexico. He encounters a hot spring in the area now known as Palm Springs and names it Agua Caliente (hot water).